体育活动如何影响双相情感障碍患者的健康? 芽麦卡洛, a PhD student at the OD官网APP下载 with our 双相情感障碍研究网络 (BDRN) is conducting research to find out if 而且 how physical activity can benefit those with bipolar disorder.
众所周知，积极锻炼对身体健康有很多好处, 比如保持健康, 提高核心强度, 管理和保持健康的体重. Being physically active on a regular basis also reduces your risk of developing certain medical conditions such as type II diabetes, 心血管病, 肥胖, 以及某些癌症.
近年来, researchers have investigated the links 在体育活动之间 而且 mental wellbeing. 通过特定的运动形式进行身体活动, 或者改变某些生活方式可以提供:
因为有规律的体育锻炼对集体有益, it is also now thought to act as a protective factor against common mental health difficulties such as depression 而且 anxiety.
Despite knowing that physical activity is good for our physical health 而且 mental wellbeing, many of us do not find it easy to meet the recommended amount of physical activity for the week. The Chief Medical Officer’s report (see summary in image) recommends that adults over the age of 18 should engage with at least 75 to 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity each week, 而且 engage in activities aimed at improving balance 而且 improving strength at least twice a week.
然而, little is known about how physical activity levels may affect people who have a mood disorder called bipolar disorder, 人们同时经历严重的高情绪和低情绪.
Bipolar disorder is characterised by periods of elevated mood (referred to as mania) 而且 usually, 抑郁发作的对比.
Although people often perceive bipolar disorder as simply being ‘happy one minute 而且 sad the next,或者“情绪波动很大的人”,’ most people with bipolar disorder experience discrete periods of symptoms pertaining to a particular mood state (called an episode), 中间有一段健康期. 然而, some people do experience frequent episodes or ‘rapid-cycling’ 而且 others can experience what is known as ‘mood lability’ where their mood can change rapidly day-to-day or even within the same day. 因此，双相情感障碍是一种复杂且不断变化的情绪障碍, 影响了全球1%的人口.
ODAPP官网不知道究竟是什么导致了双相情感障碍, 但它已被证明是一种多因素的疾病, meaning that several things contribute to how the illness is expressed in an individual, 比如家族史, 以及一系列的社交活动, psychological 而且 environmental factors that can also be triggers for mood episodes.
双相情感障碍研究网络 at the OD官网APP下载 is primarily interested in underst而且ing more about the causes of bipolar disorder. This is where physical activity may play an important role in regards to mood regulation in people living with bipolar disorder, as we know that regular physical activity is good for our mental health 而且 wellbeing, 预防抑郁症
在过去三年里, I have been carrying out a PhD research project in collaboration with the BDRN to try to underst而且 what the relationships are, 如果有任何, 在体育活动之间, 不活动, 以及躁郁症患者的情绪.
The aim of my research is to try to answer questions such as: ‘what changes first, 情绪或身体活动水平?’ Answering this question could be beneficial in underst而且ing how lower physical activity levels may impact depression, 以及更高的体育活动水平是否会影响躁狂.
为了探究这些问题, I carried out a series of initial interviews with people living with bipolar disorder to explore what they perceived to be the relationship between their activity levels 而且 mood.
许多参与者谈到了日常活动, 药物治疗的影响, 而且 how physical activity was a useful way of managing mood: for trying to be more active when they felt depressed, 当他们感到狂躁时就不那么活跃了. The interviews also revealed that the real challenge in regards to physical activity, 不活动和情绪, 保持平衡. 这非常有趣, ODAPP官网通常认为体育活动是一件完全积极的事情, 不活动是消极的, 然而，这些访谈提供了体育活动的证据 无益的 狂热，但是 有帮助的 抑郁和不活动 有帮助的 狂热，但是 无益的 抑郁.
为了探索体育活动, 不活动和情绪更详细, wearable activity monitors 而且 mood diaries were then provided to over fifty BDRN participants, allowing them to monitor 而且 track their activity levels 而且 mood over a 7-day period.
Participants felt this was important research 而且 provided very detailed accounts of their day-to-day mood changes 而且 activity levels. I am currently in the process of combining this data with the interview responses, as well as a series of questionnaire responses to gain a more holistic picture of what the relationships are 在体育活动之间, 不活动和情绪症状, 双相情感障碍患者.
The results from my research could be used to inform physical activity interventions targeted at people living with bipolar disorder, as well as aiding people with bipolar disorder to help balance challenging mood symptoms. My research will also give an insight into the role physical activity 而且 不活动 plays in the causes of bipolar disorder 而且 the expression of particular symptoms.
我要感谢我的研究导师: Derek Peters教授 (教务主任) 丽莎·琼斯教授 而且 Eleanor Bradley教授的参加者和成员 双相情感障碍研究网络.
杰玛是OD官网APP下载的全职博士生. She is a member of Worcester’s 研究 学生 Society 而且 a graduate member of the 英国心理学会.
All views expressed in this blog are the Academic’s own 而且 do not represent the views, OD官网APP下载或其任何合作伙伴的政策或意见.